QUANTIFYING CLINICAL PHARMACY IMPACT: THE NEW INTEGRATION MODEL

Abdulrazaq S. Al-Jazairi, Pharm.D., MBA, FCCP, BCPS (AQ-Cardiology) Deputy Director, Pharmaceutical Care Division Clinical Pharmacy Consultant, Head, Department of Medical/Critical Care Pharmacy , Cardiology King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre.KSA

 

Clinical pharmacy is defined by the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) as “a health science discipline in which pharmacists provide patient care that optimizes medication therapy and promotes health, wellness, and disease prevention.”  This definition indicates that the center of the clinical pharmacy practice is the patient. Clinical pharmacists nowadays are closely working with patients and participating in a multidisciplinary team to provide updated evidenced-based medication-related recommendations at various settings. Further, they are looked at as the medication experts since they can provide safe and effective medication therapy recommendations. Some of the clinical pharmacists’ responsibilities may include: assessing patients, identifying drug therapy issues, evaluating drug therapy in terms of safety and effectiveness, performing follow-up evaluations and drug monitoring, and prescribing medications, in collaboration with other practitioners. Clinical pharmacists are actively reviewing patients’ medical records and round with the healthcare team to analyze and assess the clinical situation of the patient. They collect patients’ past and current medication use and related health problems as well as other related medication information such as allergies and adverse drug reactions. In 2010, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) and the ASHP Foundation developed the ASHP’s Practice Advancement Initiative (PAI), previously known as the Pharmacy Practice Model Initiative (PPMI), to assist pharmacy leaders and practitioners in in delivering more patient care and to take responsibilities for medication-use outcomes. Key performance indicators (KPIs) are a set of measures that are used to help an organization in assessing and achieving critical goals to its success. KPIs have been wildly utilized to quantifiably measure the quality of the health care services, including pharmaceutical services, offered to patients. Identifying a possible set of measureable cpKPIs had been attempted in two studies in different countries. The aim of this presentation is to identify methods to quantify the impact of clinical pharmacists on healthcare system.

Objectives:

  • To define clinical pharmacy
  • To outline the patient-centered responsibilities of clinical pharmacists
  • To describe methods in quantifying clinical pharmacists job