Abdikarim Mohamed Abdi, PharmD, MSc, PhD, Director of Clinical Experiential Practices | Clinical lecturer | Internal Medicine,Turkey
Competence is defined as the ability to do something successfully or efficiently. A competent individual is the one that has essential knowledge skill and attitude necessary to perform a duty according to defined expectations. Pharmacy education programs, professional bodies and many pharmacy practice settings require assessment of competence of a student, graduate, new practitioners or a practitioner to assure quality and best standards of practice and increase the like hood of effective, appropriate and safe patient care.
Assessment is a crucial part of any learning and professional development program or practice as well, as it informs the learner, teacher & stakeholders whether they have been successful in educational process or if a professional individual possess the essential skills and knowledge required to be undertaken.
Assessment of competences is a measurement of an individual capability to use the three components (skill professional socialization and judgment) to perform at defines expectations. It involves reviewing a range of evidence presented, and judging whether the evidence provided is: sufficient, valid, current and authentic evidence of their competence to successfully undertake a particular task.
Competence must be assessed by individuals qualified to assess the knowledge and skills of competency being assessed. It should include processes for feedback, mentoring and remediation. Methods adopted for such an assessment should be appropriate for the competence assessed and utilize measurable criteria that accurately measure the quality of performance. Also assessment methods should consistently validate the demonstration of knowledge skills and abilities and it should indicate how well the individual will perform similar tasks.
Three methods exist for assessing pharmacists clinical competences these are cognitive assessments such as multiple choice tests, assessment using direct observation or finally simulation (as OSCEs) which is currently widely used in educational programs and also practice professional entrance exams.
- Recognize the importance and rational for competence assessment
- List different methods of clinical skills assessment and recognize their cons and pros
- Plan for and carry an objective structured clinical examination as an effective method for clinical skills assessment.